At the time of the referendum on Scottish independence in September 2014, it was widely believed that a vote to remain part of the UK would settle the issue for the foreseeable future.
Immediately following the result of the EU referendum, there were calls from the Scottish National Party for another referendum on Scottish independence as, notwithstanding the overall vote to leave the European Union, 62 per cent of voters in Scotland chose to remain in the EU. On March 28, 2017, the Scottish Parliament voted in favour of a second independence referendum. However, following the 2017 General Election, the SNP indicated that it would not seek a second referendum until after Brexit.
It remains to be seen how this will develop. In particular, it is unclear whether Scotland could become an independent country and remain a member of the EU, or whether it would have to establish independence and then apply for EU membership.